It is not uncommon to hear of companies that have a history of safety violations, but are not required to comply with federal law.
This has led to many people saying that pipelines should be inspected for safety violations.
But how much of an impact do these companies actually have on the safety of our drinking water supply?
According to a report by the Pipeline Safety Trust, the Pipeline & Hazardous Material Safety Administration (PHMSA) inspects more than 3,000 pipeline companies annually, and in 2015, the agency inspected only 2 companies that are subject to federal oversight, according to the Washington Post.
This is an important distinction, as it is important to understand that pipeline safety is not a government-mandated process.
Rather, it is up to the private companies themselves to ensure that their pipelines meet the requirements of the Federal Pipeline Safety Act.
A lot of these companies are owned and operated by people who don’t have to comply.
“There’s a lot of corruption,” says Scott Sosnick, a retired engineer with the United States Army Corps of Engineers and former pipeline inspector with the U.S. Army Corps.
Sosnik has worked for more than 25 years on federal and state regulatory oversight of pipelines, and says that pipeline companies can benefit from having the same level of oversight as private companies.
“The best thing you can do is just be very honest and transparent about it,” he says.
In addition to the federal pipeline safety act, there are several state regulations that apply to pipeline safety.
These include the Pipeline, Hazardous and Hazardously Damaged Property Law and the Pipeline Hazardous Act of 1972.
The Pipeline and Surface Transportation Safety Act, which was passed in 1976, requires that pipelines be built with safety features such as air gaps, welded joints, and a fire extinguisher in place when the pipeline is in use.
The act also requires that the construction crew and subcontractors comply with all federal and local building codes and safety guidelines, as well as state and local safety rules.
It also requires the construction contractor to install emergency backup equipment and fire extinguishers in all areas where pipelines are to be used.
Finally, the act requires a pipeline owner to install fire safety equipment in all parts of the pipeline where fire is expected to occur.
The laws also require that pipelines that are not connected to interstate highways and other waterways be inspected to ensure the safety and well-being of the public.
“I would encourage the Pipeline industry to have a better understanding of what their responsibilities are, how the federal and states can best protect the public, and how they can do so in a way that is efficient and efficient to their bottom line,” says David Einhorn, a former pipeline engineer and president of the Pipeline Association of America.
“A lot of the companies don’t actually have to do anything that is required of them.”
If a company doesn’t have a safety-related inspection or safety-management program, there is no enforcement mechanism for them.
And if the pipeline company does not comply with state and federal safety requirements, there can be penalties for violating them.
“If a company has no pipeline safety program and is operating illegally, there’s no recourse to enforce it,” says Peter A. Reuter, a professor of environmental engineering at Virginia Tech who studies pipeline safety and safety management.
“That’s not a question of whether the company should have a program, it’s whether it should have one.”
Pipeline companies typically have a well-established pipeline safety plan, which includes the following: a safety plan that outlines the safety features and processes that will be used to prevent a pipeline fire or other pipeline disaster, including safety monitoring, training and response, and risk mitigation measures; a risk management plan that describes how the company will manage risks in the event of a pipeline leak, spill, or other incident; and an emergency management plan, including emergency backup, evacuation, and contingency plans.
Companies that have not developed or implemented a pipeline safety policy have no duty to meet the federal Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2012, which requires companies to establish a pipeline-safety program and comply with the Pipeline Improvement Act.
“In the past, pipeline safety was a regulatory burden,” says Einhard.
“You needed an inspector to get to the bottom of it, and that wasn’t going to be happening any more.”
This is not the first time the pipeline industry has faced controversy over safety.
In 2005, the U-Haul Corporation was accused of failing to properly inspect its pipeline before shipping crude oil to refineries.
In 2008, the Obama administration charged that several major companies in the oil and gas industry had broken the law by ignoring federal rules regarding hazardous materials and air leaks.
And in 2014, the American Petroleum Institute, a trade group representing the oil industry, filed a complaint against the Obama Administration alleging that the administration had failed to enforce federal pipeline laws and had not enforced the law to the fullest extent of its authority.
A year later, in December 2015, President Donald