The world’s largest oil and gas pipeline network is set to cross the U.S. border in Canada for the first time.
A joint venture between TransCanada and Kinder Morgan has entered into an agreement to construct the Northern Gateway pipeline.
The project would connect the oilsands with the Pacific Coast of North America and ultimately reach British Columbia.
The TransCanada project would carry an estimated 890,000 barrels per day of oil and natural gas across the country.
The pipeline is expected to be completed in 2020.
The U.K. and Canada are the only two countries in the world that export oil via pipeline.
Keystone XL is a controversial project that has divided American and Canadian environmental groups.
President Donald Trump has repeatedly called the pipeline an “unmitigated disaster” and vowed to block the construction of the pipeline.
Critics of the project, including the Canadian government, argue the project would increase the greenhouse gas emissions of the region and would have a detrimental effect on local communities.
The American Petroleum Institute, the industry trade group, has estimated the project could cost the U of S $15.5 billion.
The company says the project will also provide more than $100 billion in additional jobs over a 40-year period.
The Canadian government has not publicly stated how it will pay for the project.